Original article published in New Energy 360
January 12, 2021 – John Shepherd
Canada-based Li-Cycle has completed a pilot operation to recycle 3,200 pounds of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) in partnership with subsidiaries of global bus manufacturer the NFI Group.
The North American LIB recycler said the processing of 45 end-of-life lithium-ion battery modules from NFI’s New Flyer Industries Canada and New Flyer of America showed the company had “created a closed loop for electric bus batteries”.
The batteries, used for research and development, were received and processed at Li-Cycle’s facility in Kingston, Ontario.
Li-Cycle uses a wet chemical process to recover 80-100% of all materials found in lithium-ion batteries, “while maintaining no wastewater discharge”.
Recovering critical materials’
Chief commercial officer, Kunal Phalpher, said: “As of 2019, approximately 425,000 of the world’s buses were electric. By recycling thousands of pounds of lithium-ion batteries, we’re serving the dual purpose of reducing hazardous waste, while recovering critical materials so they can be reintroduced into the supply chain.”
Phalpher told New Energy 360 the company is currently qualifying its recycled battery materials, including cobalt, nickel and lithium, with various companies in the battery supply chain.
“These materials are coming from our pilot hub and there is typically a lengthy process to qualify these materials in their supply chains, ending with material from a commercial operation.”
Last November, Li-Cycle closed a capital-raising push to fund development of its lithium-ion battery recycling ‘hub’ in Rochester, New York, which is set to be operational in 2022.