Making lithium-ion batteries a truly circular and sustainable product.


Co-Founders Ajay Kochhar and Tim Johnston explain our vision.

Our Partners

Our Team

The people dedicated to solving the problems of tomorrow.


Ajay Kochhar

President, CEO & co-founder

Ajay Kochhar is the President, CEO, and co-founder of Li-Cycle.

Responsible for strategic oversight of Li-Cycle’s various functional business units, which includes Commercial, Technical (Health, Safety, Environment and Quality/HSEQ, Operations, Commercialization, Research and Development) and Shared Services. Additionally, Ajay supports the development of international growth initiatives for the company in collaboration with Li-Cycle’s Corporate Development team.

Before founding Li-Cycle, Ajay gained extensive technology and project development experience through progressive roles with Hatch’s industrial cleantech and advisory practices. While working in that space, he garnered in-depth engineering and project management experience through clean technology development in the lithium, cobalt, nickel, copper, gold, lead, zinc, molybdenum, and rare earth metals industries. His technical expertise spans the entire project lifecycle, from conceptual and pre-feasibility studies to construction and commissioning.

Born and raised in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada, Ajay comes from entrepreneurial roots, having gained experience from a young age via a family business. An ardent music enthusiast, he is a classical guitarist who maintains the hobby even now for enjoyment.

Ajay is a graduate of the University of Toronto and holds a Bachelor of Applied Science (BASc) in Chemical Engineering.

Tim Johnston

Co-founder, Executive Chairman

Tim Johnston joined Li-Cycle in 2016 as the company’s co-founder and Executive Chairman.

With more than 15 years of experience, Tim has overseen the development and operation of batteries, metals, industrial minerals, and large infrastructure assets. Prior to Li-Cycle, Tim worked as a Senior Consultant for Hatch, specializing in project management and transactional analysis for their global lithium business. While there, Tim managed the development of projects across the lithium-ion battery value chain for companies such as SQM, Rockwood Lithium (Albemarle), Bacanora Minerals, AMG-NV, Rio Tinto, Galaxy Resources, and other key developers.

As the co-founder and Chairman of Li-Metal and the Director of Lacero Solutions, Tim brings a wealth of knowledge to his current position with Li-Cycle, where his portfolio consists of overseeing research and development, as well as leading capital projects and operations.

Born in Brisbane, Australia, Tim currently calls Toronto, Canada home. An avid surfer and skateboarding enthusiast, he spends much of his free time at the gym or travelling.

A graduate of the University of Queensland’s Mechanical Engineering Program, Tim is a chartered professional engineer and CFA charter holder.

Kunal Phalpher

Chief Commercial Officer

Li-Cycle’s Chief Commercial Officer (CCO), Kunal Phalpher, has been with the company since 2017. After initially joining the team as an Advisor, he was nominated as a member of the board shortly thereafter, before moving into his current role in 2018.

With nearly 15 years of work experience, Kunal brings extensive international expertise in the lithium-ion battery and renewable energy sectors to his current role. His wealth of knowledge has been a principled and significant asset to both Li-Cycle’s business development and corporate strategies.

Prior to joining the Li-Cycle team, Kunal worked for a residential solar company as the Director of Product Development and was the Director of Business Development for a lithium-ion battery manufacturer, both in Toronto, Canada. He brings broad, comprehensive international experience to his position as Li-Cycle’s CCO, having spent several years working in Germany in the cleantech sector.

Born and raised in Toronto, Canada, Kunal has a reputation for being Li-Cycle’s biggest Raptors fan. He is equally passionate about travel and outdoor activities.

A University of Toronto graduate, Kunal possesses a Bachelor of Applied Sciences in Electrical Engineering and also holds a Master of Business Administration from the Rotman School of Management.

Bruce MacInnis

Chief Financial Officer

Bruce MacInnis, Li-Cycle’s Chief Financial Officer, joined the company in 2018. He brings with him 40 years of financial experience that includes raising capital for emerging technology companies – both publicly traded and privately held – as well as robust experience as the Chief Financial Officer for multiple technology companies.

Over the past four decades, Bruce has participated in successfully ensuring numerous companies are listed on the TSX and Nasdaq, while also completing several cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) transactions. In previous roles with public companies such as Redline Communications, Inc., Bioscrypt Inc., and Certicom Corp., he has overseen the management of numerous functional business areas that have included intellectual property law, compliance, and manufacturing and operations.

With comprehensive expertise in establishing financial reporting and disclosure infrastructures that are often required of public companies, Bruce has aptly led the implementation of sound internal controls and corporate governance procedures throughout his career. At Li-Cycle, his current portfolio consists of the leadership and management of multiple departments, including Finance, Human Resources, IT and Legal.

A graduate of the University of Toronto, Bruce has a Bachelor of Commerce degree and holds both the Chartered Accountant (CA) and Chartered Professional Accountant (CPA) designations.

Chris Biederman

Chief Technical Officer

Chris Biederman is a Professional Engineer with 15 years of process engineering experience. He joined Li-Cycle in 2020 as the company’s Chief Process Engineer and was quickly promoted to Chief Technical Officer.

Chris brings extensive expertise to his current role, having acted as Lead Process Engineer for numerous large and small EPCM projects in the mining industry. He has experience working on greenfield and brownfield projects and overseeing bench-scale and pilot-scale testing. Chris is also a skilled project manager with a robust history leading multi-disciplinary engineering teams and delivering successful projects. Previous to his role with Li-Cycle, he spent time at Hatch as a Senior Engineer and Technology Commercialization Portfolio Manager; he is also the Founder and Managing Director of Biederman Engineering.

At Li-Cycle, Chris’ portfolio includes the management of the company’s intellectual property portfolio, the commercialization of intellectual property, and oversight of capital projects. He also provides technical leadership for the organization.

A native of Hamilton, Canada, Chris is a graduate of the University of Waterloo’s Chemical Engineering program and is a registered engineer with the Professional Engineers of Ontario.

Carl DeLuca

General Counsel

Carl DeLuca is Li-Cycle’s General Counsel and Corporate Secretary.

With nearly 25 years of legal and public company experience, Carl leads Li-Cycle’s legal and regulatory functions in support of the company’s global expansion plans. He also manages the organization’s corporate governance processes through the Board and its committees.

Prior to joining Li-Cycle, Carl served as General Counsel and Corporate Secretary for gold producer Detour Gold Corporation, where he facilitated the company’s stabilization, resulting in a 95% stock price increase.

Carl also held various roles at Vale Canada Limited, including Head of Legal for North American Operations and M&A/Strategic Projects while there, he played a key role in the company’s gold streaming transactions on Vale’s copper mine in Brazil, delivering $1.7 billion in aggregate proceeds.

Carl, a barrister and solicitor, was born and raised in Ontario, and currently calls Toronto home. He holds his LL.B. from the University of Windsor, where he received the R.L. Deshield Award for having achieved the second highest standing in his graduating class, and holds an H.B.A and a B.A. in History and French from The University of Western Ontario.

Lauren Choate

Chief People Officer

Lauren Choate is an accomplished global people operations leader with over 25 years’ experience across a variety of industries.

As the Chief People Officer at Li-Cycle, Lauren oversees talent management and acquisition to continue to attract top industry talent to the company in support of its growth trajectory.

Prior to joining Li-Cycle, Lauren led the human resources function for Kärcher North America, a $2.8 billion global cleaning technology solutions company, where she orchestrated major transformation of its people operations and oversaw a 15% increase in employee engagement amid significant business changes.

Prior to Kärcher North America she served as the Senior Director, Learning & Organizational Development at IHS transforming the learning team from purely a training delivery role to consultants driving a $2 billion rapidly growing, global services enterprise.

Lauren is passionate about giving back and has, for the past 17 years, volunteered as President of Rocky Mountain Human Resources Planning & Strategy, an HR association in Denver, where she lives.

Lauren is a gardening, cooking, and pickleball enthusiast and holds an MBA from the Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western University, as well as a B.A. in Mathematics and Economics from Ohio Wesleyan University.

Wilson Ma

VP, Corporate Development

As Vice President, Corporate Development at Li-Cycle, Wilson Ma spearheads the company’s efforts to scale the recovery of lithium-ion resources globally by leading efforts around strategic planning, corporate partnerships, and acquisition planning that help drive the growth of the company’s Spoke & Hub network.

Wilson has over 10 years of experience driving growth and business transformation in the industrials, banking, and technology industries.

Prior to joining Li-Cycle, Wilson was Director, Growth and Business Transformation at Emerson Electric Company where he built a highly proficient team and embedded a broad base of capabilities to grow the business in Canada. Before that, he served as Program Manager at Advanced Micro Devices.

Born and raised in Toronto, Canada, Wilson enjoys outdoor activities like hiking, biking, and camping. He is a graduate of the University of Toronto’s Mechanical Engineering and MBA programs.

Dawei Li headshot
Dawei Li

VP, Asia

Dawei Li is the VP of Asia at Li-Cycle.

Dawei brings more than 15 years of experience in strategy development and leading growth in untapped markets at international companies to his role at Li-Cycle. Focused on the Asian market, he oversees Li-Cycle’s team, business development, and the rollout of commercial lithium-ion battery recycling facilities across the continent.

Before joining Li-Cycle in 2021, Dawei served as the Global Business Director for Lithium Carbonate at the Albemarle Corporation, where he developed the battery grade strategy and executed on business development plans in key regions resulting in robust performance. Previously, he was a Global Segment Marketing Manager for Eastman Chemical Company, where he led corporate growth initiatives and launched efforts to generate demand for existing products while commercializing novel ones. Dawei began his career in Shanghai, China working for PwC.

In his spare time, Dawei is an avid soccer player.

Dawei holds his BBA in Marketing from Shanghai University of Finance and Economics and an MBA from the Darden School of Business at the University of Virginia.

James Pettingill

VP, North America Spoke Operations

James Pettingill is Li-Cycle’s VP, North America Spoke Operations. He brings more than 15 years’ of research and development experience to his role.

James leads the company’s strategic direction and overall administration of Li-Cycle’s North American Spoke operations. He is also responsible for developing and implementing strategies that focus on improving the company’s financial performance. James previously served as Plant Manager for Li-Cycle’s first Commercial Spoke in Kingston, Ontario.

Before joining the company in 2020, he worked at Kingston Process Metallurgy (KPM) as a project manager. While with KPM, James collaborated with Li-Cycle to design, test, and implement the company’s Spoke & Hub Technologies.

Born in Ajax, Ontario, James moved to Kingston at an early age where he developed a love of the outdoors. He enjoys hobbies like fishing, gardening and playing baseball, and is also a board games enthusiast.

A professional engineer, James holds a Bachelor of Applied Science in Mineral Processing from Queen’s University.

Alan Ferguson

Commercial VP, Battery Supply – North America

Alan Ferguson, an electrical engineer, is Li-Cycle’s Commercial VP, Battery Supply – North America. He leads Li-Cycle’s efforts to source batteries for recycling and resource recovery, while also building the company’s battery supply team in North America. Alan is, additionally, responsible for establishing Li-Cycle’s customer service infrastructure to support company growth. He brings more than 30 years of technology development and electronics recycling experience to Li-Cycle.

Prior to joining Li-Cycle in 2020, Alan served as Vice President, Business Development for eCycle Solutions Inc. which, during his tenure, became the leading electronics resource recovery company in Canada. While in that role, his responsibilities included sales, marketing, operations management for Information Technology Asset Disposition (ITAD) services, Compliance Management, and Reverse Supply Chain Management. He also served in various roles at Gennum Corporation, before being promoted to Vice President, Corporate Development.

An Ontario native, Alan has a fifth-degree blackbelt in taekwondo and enjoys a wide variety of extracurricular activities.

A graduate of the University of Waterloo, Alan holds a Bachelor of Applied Science (BASc) in Electrical Engineering and a Bachelor of Arts in Economics. He also holds a Professional Engineer (P.Eng.) designation.

Board of Directors

Mark Wellings

Non-Executive Director

Mark Wellings is a finance professional with over 30 years international experience in both the mining industry and mining finance sector. Mark initially worked in the mining industry both in Canada and Australia in exploration, development and production capacities. He then joined the investment dealer GMP Securities L.P. where he co-founded the firm’s corporate finance mining practice. During over 18 years at GMP, Mark was responsible for, and advised on, some of the Canadian mining industry’s largest transactions, both in equity financing and M&A. Since then he has been appointed to several public and private Board of Director’s and has spent the last few years at Infor Financial Inc. advising and raising capital for several companies.

Mr. Wellings is a Professional Engineer and holds a Master of Business Administration degree and a Bachelor of Applied Science degree in Geological Engineering.

Rick Findlay

Non-Executive Director

Rick Findlay has been consulting in the environment and recycling sectors for over 25 years across Canada and internationally. This has included strategy, organization design, processing design, technology development, and financial management. From 2012 to 2014 he was Director of Oversight and Operations for the Province of Ontario’s waste diversion programs ($450M budget), including batteries.

Rick is currently CEO of LINCit, a firm that focusses on scaling up clean technology ventures. He has previously started a few other firms, two being in environmental management and medical technology. He also co-founded and built an international consulting firm, PSTG Consulting, advising small to global companies across a variety of sectors, and local to national governments.

For over 20 years Rick has been coaching entrepreneurs and start-ups, and he is an advisor for the Waterloo Accelerator Centre, Earth Tech Program at CSI (Toronto), Ryerson University’s Social Venture Zone, and a volunteer advisor at MaRS.

Rick is a Certified Management Consultant, with a Bachelor in Industrial Engineering and a Master of Business Administration.

Alan Levande

Non-Executive Director

Biography to be updated soon

Scott Prochazka

Non-Executive Director

Biography to be updated soon.

Anthony Tse

Non-Executive Director

Mr. Tse has over 25 years of corporate private and public company experience in numerous high-growth industries such as technology, media and telecoms, as well as resource & commodities. This has predominantly been in senior management, corporate finance, capital markets and M&A roles across Greater China and the Asia Pacific region. His previous senior roles include various positions in News Corporation’s STAR TV, the Deputy General Manager of TOM Online, Director of Corporate Development at Hutchison Whampoa’s TOM Group, President of China Entertainment Television (a joint venture between TOM and Time Warner), and CEO of CSN Corp.

He is currently Executive Director of Galaxy Resources Limited, a leading ASX-listed lithium producer, with diversified assets across three continents in Australia, Argentina and Canada, serving key customers in China, Japan and Korea. He joined the Board of Directors at Galaxy Resources in 2010 and from Jun 2013 to July 2019, served as the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer during the corporate turnaround and growth stage during the corporate turnaround and growth stage of the company, which involved restructuring of over A$500 million of debt restructuring and refinancing, as well as asset divestments. The corporate turnaround, along with the restart of production and cash flow from its Australian mining operations, allowed the company to see its market capitalization increased from A$30 million to over A$1.7 billion during the growth stage of the lithium sector in recent years.

Advisory Board

Govind Arora

Management Advisor

Govind Arora brings more than 20 years of experience in energy materials, the automotive industry, industrial automation, and the aerospace industry to his advisory position with Li-Cycle. Govind currently serves as a partner and co-founder of Blue Horizon Advisors and Blue Horizon Capital. Previously, he was Chief Commercial Officer for Albemarle corporation’s lithium business, the global leader in advanced lithium materials, as well as a leader within the energy storage value chain. Prior to Albemarle, he led several businesses to achieve high growth, serving as president of Stanley Black & Decker’s Latin American Group, Chief Financial Officer for Stanley Black & Decker’s global emerging markets business, and Chief Financial Officer for Honeywell’s process solutions business in Asia, based out of China.

Govind holds a Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration from California State University, Fullerton, and acquired his Executive MBA in International Business from the Thunderbird School of Global Management.

John Mitchell

Management Advisor

John Mitchell brings more than 30 years of experience in executive leadership roles in specialty chemicals, energy materials, utility infrastructure, and industrial gases to his advisory position with Li-Cycle. He is currently a partner and co-founder of Blue Horizon Advisors and Blue Horizon Capital, focused on the world’s transition to the new energy economy by supporting leading companies to scale and providing index-based investment products across the new energy economy thematic. Previously, John served as President of Lithium for the Albemarle corporation, where he guided Albemarle’s lithium division to a global market leading position. Prior to Albemarle, he served as Rockwood Lithium’s North American President, Environmental Management Corporation’s President, and Senior Advisor to Linde’s business in Africa and South America.

John holds his Bachelor of Science in Materials Engineering from Drexel University.

Dr. Ahmad Ghahreman

Technical Advisor

Ahmad Ghahreman has over 15 years of hydrometallurgical/wet chemistry experience. He has deep expertise in the advanced recovery of many of the constituents in lithium-ion batteries, gained in the context of primary resource mineral processing and hydrometallurgy.

Ahmad has a Bachelor degree and a Master’s degree in Materials Science and Engineering from Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, and earned his Ph.D. in Materials Engineering from The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC. Upon completing his Ph.D., Ahmad joined the Technology Centre of Barrick Gold Corp. in Vancouver, as an NSERC Industrial Research & Development (IRDF) Postdoctoral Fellow. He joined The Robert M. Buchan Department of Mining at Queen’s University as an Assistant Professor in January 2014.​

Dr. Yuan Gao

Technical Advisor

Dr. Yuan Gao is Vice-Chairman of the board of directors of Qinghai Taifeng Pulead Lithium-Energy Technology Co. Ltd. (Pulead) one of China’s leading lithium-ion battery cathode producers and a key player in the lithium-ion battery supply chain. Dr. Gao was previously President and Chief Executive Officer of Pulead and prior to joining Pulead in 2014, Dr. Gao held senior positions with Molycorp Inc. and FMC Corp.’s lithium division.

Dr. Gao originally obtained his BSc from the University of Science and Technology of China, and his PhD in Physics from the University of British Columbia

Our History

Our past, present and future.

By solving the global end-of-life lithium-ion battery problem, we create a secondary supply of critical battery metals to meet the increasing demand, while also ensuring a sustainable future for our planet.

Invest with Us link arrow


In Progress.


North American Hub

In early 2023, the North American Hub will be operational in Rochester, New York with the capacity to recover battery grade materials from the equivalent of 60,000 tonnes of lithium-ion batteries per year.


Commercial Spoke 3

In early 2022, Li-Cycle will open Commercial Spoke 3 in Arizona with the capacity to recycle 10,000 tonnes of lithium-ion batteries per year.


Milestones Reached.


Commercial Spoke 2

Li-Cycle Commercial Spoke 2 is now fully operational with the capacity to process 5,000 tonnes of lithium-ion batteries per year at the Eastman Business Park in New York State.


Commercial Spoke 1

In May, Li-Cycle Commercial Spoke 1 is upgraded and has the capacity to process 5,000 tonnes of lithium-ion batteries per year.


Commercial Spoke 1

In July, Li-Cycle Commercial Spoke 1 is fully commissioned with the capacity to process 2,500 tonnes of lithium-ion batteries per year.


Demonstration Spoke & Hub

Our team successfully launches Li-Cycle’s Demonstration Spoke & Hub in Kingston, Ontario, Canada.


Mini Pilot

Li-Cycle starts building it’s first mini-pilot in Canada with the capacity to recycle 50 tonnes per year.



Recognizing the importance of creating a more efficient and sustainable recovery process for critical battery materials from spent lithium-ion batteries, Li-Cycle is founded by Ajay Kochhar and Tim Johnston.