Cobalt cathode. Cobalt is one of the ‘main revenue drivers’ as well as one of the key sources of supply chain controversy. Image: wikimedia user Jurii.
A new two-step process implemented at commercial demonstration level by Li-Cycle, a company from Canada founded just three years ago, can achieve a recycling rate of 80% to 100% of materials in lithium-ion batteries, the company claims.
Energy-Storage.news spoke with Li-Cycle’s Kunal Phalpher, who said that many other recycling processes used in Europe and by Chinese battery companies is based around pyrometallurgy i.e. smelting down of battery components – only end up with 30% – 40% material recovery from lithium batteries.